Numerous contrasts abound in this confined space – a unique wine-growing area of rare beauty – which is differentiated from all other vine culture lands in Europe by its land formations and subtle microclimate.

The Pannonian climate zone extends like a tongue from the east into the Wachau. From the heights of the Dunkelsteiner forest south of the Danube river, and the Waldviertel in the north, cool and wet air masses that are rich in oxygen flow down through little, forested stone valleys known as the Wachauer Gräben. This creates a continuous circulation of air, which strongly influences the aromas forming in the grapes and - together with the meagre primary rock soils - characterises the pressed wine.